Master AMSE, Aix-Marseille School of Economics # Speciality Public economics # Public economics / Track Environnement - Health

RESPONSABLE

AIM

This track aims to provide a high-level training in environment and health economics, with the opportunity to specialize in one specific discipline. This track is based on the theoretical foundations but also provides an applied approach inherent in public policy issues, cost-benefit evaluation and survey methods

LINKS WITH RESEARCH

This Master’s is backed by the AMSE Labex (research excellence) which combines almost one hundred researchers from AMU, CNRS, INSERM, EHESS, IRD and ECM with the three economics research centres : Greqam (UMR 7316), Sesstim (UMR 912) and Institut d’économie publique.

PLAQUETTE DE LA FORMATION

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PROFESSIONAL SKILLS

At the end of the programme, students can address the issues related to environmental and health economics and can integrate them into their vocational environment, an essential challenge of today's society. Students can thus obtain posts as researchers, or apply for private sector jobs (air sector companies, water, waste, food processing, research firms, hospitals, the pharmaceutical industry, health-insurance ...) or pursue careers in the public sector (French and international institutions responsible for the regulation of the health sector and the environment, local and regional authorities ...).

INTERNSHIPS AND SUPERVISED PROJECTS

During the second part of the M2 year, students either do an internship or write a Master’s thesis.

The internship can be carried out in a firm, in a public authority or in an institution whose activities are compatible with the student’s skills. The objective of the placement is to show an ability to apply the conceptual tools acquired during the Master’s to issues arising in the professional world. The student must therefore identify the issue, apply the tools and satisfactorily communicate the results to both professionals and academics. The internship is supervised by a university staff member and by an internship supervisor from the company or authority. The organisation suggests the topic, which the student summarises in one page, subject to university approval as an M2 internship topic. At the end of the internship, the student writes an internship report, which must be defended before a jury composed of two members of the Master’s teaching staff, one of whom must be the university internship supervisor, together with the in-house internship supervisor if possible.

Students intending to purse PhD studies can choose to write a Master’s thesis as an alternative to the internship. This can be done at one of the AMSE research centres (Greqam-UMR 7316, Sesstim-UMR 912 and IDEP-Institut d’économie publique). It will entail identifying an economics research question, exploring the relevant literature and making an original contribution to it.

PLAQUETTE DE LA FORMATION

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Semester 3 (30 ECTS)

Common core (6 ECTS)

Applied economics problems I

CONTENT

The objective of the course is to train students to think as economists. To this end the course choses two distinct topics, which correspond to two distinct parts of the course : Part I : ‘globalisation and inequality’, Part II : ‘The Arab Spring’. The topics are of interest to many but should be seen as tools to serves the purpose of the intellectual exercise of studying a phenomenon using economic thinking.

Course overview :

Part I.

Chapter I.1 : Facts and empirics on institutional change and development

Chapter I.2 : Benchmark theories : democratization games

Chapter I.3 : Understanding the Arab spring

Part II.

Chapter II.1 : Technical change, commercial integration on the skill premium.

Chapter II.2 : Economies of scale, commercial integration on the skill premium.

Chapter III.3 : Assortative matching, commercial integration and the skill premium.

PDF brochure.

Applied economics problems II

CONTENT

One of the principal challenges in empirical work in economics is the fact that many datasets are not random samples. Self-selection by optimising agents renders most observable data unrepresentative of the population of interest. Observed data and theoretical populations differ, leading to the confounding selection biases.

We will first examine the economic forces that lead to the presence of selection biases, and study there effects. We then consider under which conditions we can overcome this challenge, and consider in detail the classic and Nobel-prize winning Heckman procedure.

Course overview :

Selection biases (i) Origins, and consequences.

(ii) Proposed remedies,

(iii) Practical illustrations.

PDF brochure.

Public policy evaluation (6 ECTS)

Econometrics of treatment effects

CONTENT

To advance students’ understanding of the econometrics of treatment effects. We will provide refreshers on standard evaluation methods (experimental and non-experimental) taught in previous M1 course and offer extensive practice on STATA. We will discuss some advanced topics based on research articles.

Course overview :

  1. Refresher on the potential outcome framework
  2. Treatment effects methods (experimental and non-experimental)
    1. Theory
    2. Practice
  3. Advanced topics
    1. SUTVA
    2. Distribution of treatment effects
    3. Relation to structural econometrics

PDF brochure.

Cost benefit evaluation applied to health and environment

Unavailable contents.

Health and environment economic problems (6 ECTS)

Choose 2 among 4

Environmental economics and policies

CONTENT

This lecture is organized in three chapters after an introduction presenting some of the main challenges of the field. The first comes back on the relation between the microeconomic analysis and the environment. The second is more central : it is dedicated to the different regulation tools. We essentially discuss their comparative advantages and their limits. The third chapter proposes several extensions which take into account uncertainty and asymmetric information.

Course outline :

Introduction : Why should we care about the environment ?

Chapter 1 : Environmental Goods and Bads

I-1 Environmental Goods and Microeconomics

I-2 Optimal Provision of Environmental Goods

I-3 Limits of a Competitive Equilibrium

Chapter 2 : The Main Environmental Regulation Instruments

II-1 Property Rights

II-2 Pigouvian Fee

II-3 Marketable Permits

II-4 Other Instruments

Chapter 3 : Information and Environmental Economics

III-1 Insurance and Environmental Risk

III-2 Precautionary and Irreversibility Principles

III-3.Asymmetric Information and Instrument Choice

PDF brochure.

VOLUME OF TEACHINGS

  • Lectures: 24 hours

Health economics and policies

CONTENT

This course aims at relating usual economic mechanisms, both at micro and macro levels, with their possible applications in the domains of health, healthcare, and the public regulation of the healthcare market

Course overview :

It will cover : analysis of demand/supply functions and equilibrium in the healthcare markets ; macroeconomics of health ; public health policies, microsimulation methods in healthcare programs and methods for measuring health inequalities.

PDF brochure.

VOLUME OF TEACHINGS

  • Lectures: 24 hours

Economic evaluation applied to health

Unavailable contents.

Economics of natural resources

CONTENT

The objective is to expose the principles and tools of economic analysis that apply to the current challenges imposed by the management of natural resources. The aim is to present an adequate methodology to address specific themes inherent in renewable and non-renewable.

Course overview :

  1. Introduction
  2. Renewable resources management
    1. Water economics
    2. Fisheries
    3. Forest management
  3. Non-renewable resources management
    1. Hotelling rule
    2. Withdrawals and pollution

PDF brochure.

Advanced courses (6 ECTS)

Choose 2 among 4

Industrial economics and the health sector (common with Medecine)

CONTENT

The first part of the course aims at introducing students to the economics of patents in the field of genomics and pharmaceutical sectors and the evolution of the intellectual property rights at international level.

The second part of the course aims at introducing students to the pharmaceutical sector and the different players, from the industry itself to the consumers as well as other third parties including governments.

Course overview :

Part 1 : Economics of patents

Chapter 1 : economics of patents and innovation (2 hrs)

Chapter 2 : the new trend of the patents rights (4 hrs)

Chapter 3 : Patents on human genes (2hrs)

Chapter 4 : World Trade Organization and the question of drug prices in developing countries (4hrs)

Part 2 : Pharmaceutical Economics and Policy

Chapter 1 : Introduction to the Industry (2 hrs)

Chapter 2 : The Consumers (2 hrs)

Chapter 3 : The Market (4 hrs)

Chapter 4 : Public vs. Private Interventions in the Market (4 hrs)

PDF brochure.

VOLUME OF TEACHINGS

  • Lectures: 24 hours

Non market evaluation methods

CONTENT

The increasing demands which society places on non-market goods and services like the environmental and natural resources, health care or pollution ask for new ways of estimating the related gains and losses. This course starts by presenting the econometric models relevant to the treatment of data obtained when implementing non-market evaluation methods. It then presents the two main methods used in cost-benefit analysis, natural resource damage assessment and when setting priorities for environmental policy : the stated preference and the revealed preference methods.

Course overview :

1 Non-Market Evaluation : Why, what and how

2 Microeconometrics of non-market evaluation methods

3 Stated preference techniques

4 Revealed preference techniques

5 Related topics

PDF brochure.

VOLUME OF TEACHINGS

  • Lectures: 24 hours

Growth and environment

CONTENT

This course is devoted to study the interplay between economic growth, pollution and natural resources. The main topics covered by this course concern the emergence of a sustainable growth, the intergenerational equity, and growth under intergenerational and environmental externalities.

Course overview :

Part 1 : Sustainable growth (Raouf Boucekkine)

Chapter 1 : Limits to growth and sustainable development (3 hours)

Chapter 2 : Sustainable growth and endogenous technical progress (6 hours)

Chapter 3 : Normative foundations of sustainable growth (3 hours)

Part 2 : Growth with environmental and intergenerational externalities (Thomas Seegmuller)

Chapter 1 : Pollution without depollution (3 hours)

Chapter 2 : Pollution with depollution (5 hours)

Chapter 3 : The fiscal environmental policy (4 hours)

PDF brochure.

VOLUME OF TEACHINGS

  • Lectures: 24 hours

Methodology for socioeconomic surveys applied to environment and health

CONTENT

The objective of this 24h lecture is :

  • To acquire a panorama of the different statistical tools and techniques enabling the collection and analysis of health data coming from either patients, institutions or health professionals and
  • To master the statistical tools and methods used to treat, analyze and interpret such data.

Course overview :

This lecture is composed of three parts presented by three speakers (Carole Treibich, Sylvie Boyer and Alain Paraponaris) :

  • The first part of the lecture will present a panorama of different tools used to measure a population health and the econometric methods enabling the study of the determinants of individuals’ health behaviors, this using the STATA software.
  • The second part will focus on the methods specific to clinical trials. The key aspects related to the design of clinical trials will be tackled along with the treatment and analysis of data coming from clinical trials, in particular the survival analysis.
  • The third part will cover the modeling of self-employed physicians’ behaviors, in particular their activity choice, their working pace or the qualitative composition of their medical acts. Examples will be provided based on survey data coming from the practices and working conditions of general practitioners observation panel (“panel d’observation des pratiques et des conditions d’exercice en médecine générale de ville” - DREES-INSERM 912-ORS PACA).

PDF brochure.

Open course (6 ECTS)

2 elective courses among 4

Rationality and decision

CONTENT

We aim to give the students the foundations and recent developments of decision theory. We complement these discussions with recent developments in behavioral experiments.

Course overview :

Part 1 Decision theory

Sec 1 Risk and uncertainty : etymology and methodology

Sec 2 First models

Sec 3 Models with ambiguity

Sec 4 Recent models

Part 2 Behavioural experiments

Sec 1 Prospect theory : Its background and perspectives

Sec 2 Overcoming behavioural biases

Sec 3 Discussion on experimental design

Sec 4 Eliciting preferences

PDF brochure.

VOLUME OF TEACHINGS

  • Lectures: 24 hours

Development project

CONTENT

This course aims at training students to conceive development projects. It is based on the study case of a real PCM process

Course overview :

  • Session 1 : Presentation of the study case : applicant NGO, field partners, guidelines, grant application form…
  • Session 2 : participation to the identification process of a real development project : from the focus group to the problem tree co construction
  • Session 3 : participation to the formulation process of a real development project : from the objective tree to the logical framework
  • Session 4 : participation to the budgeting process of a real development project : from the intervention logic to the concept note and figures
  • Session 5 : evaluation of the project

PDF brochure.

1 course of the track Environment - Health to be selected among those not yet chosen

Unavailable contents.

1 course from the track Macroeconomics and Development

Unavailable contents.

Semester 4 (30 ECTS)

Master dissertation and internship (24 ECTS)

Unavailable contents.

Vocational courses (6 ECTS)

Choose 2 courses among 3

Economic approach of the interaction between Health-Environment

CONTENT

The objective is to teach the analytical framework needed to quantitatively evaluate the economic effects of the environment on health outcomes and to use the results to inform policymakers.

Course overview :

  1. Introduction and Background
  2. Methodological Challenges
  3. Data Challenges
  4. Cost-Benefit Analysis
  5. Policy Implications

PDF brochure.

Vocational courses on health

Unavailable contents.

Vocational courses on environment

CONTENT

The objective is to teach the analytical framework needed to quantitatively evaluate the economic effects of the environment on health outcomes and to use the results to inform policymakers.

Course overview :

  1. Introduction and Background
  2. Methodological Challenges
  3. Data Challenges
  4. Cost-Benefit Analysis
  5. Policy Implications

PDF brochure.